Statistical methods are often motivated by real problems. We consider methods inspired by problems in biology and medicine. The thesis is in two parts.

\nIn the first part we consider data in the form of graphs (or networks). These occur naturally in many contexts such as social and biological networks. We specifically consider the setting where we have multiple graphs on the same set of nodes. We propose a model in this setting called the multiple random dot product graph model and an algorithm for fitting the model. We also propose a hypothesis test in the model framework for whether two graphs are drawn from the same distribution. The model is generalized to weighted graphs, which means each edge in the graph has an associated weight. We specifically consider Poisson and normally distributed weights. Similar hypothesis tests are proposed in these settings and the performance is again evaluated through simulation studies.

\nThe second part of the thesis considers the prediction of disease progression. We compare three common approaches for disease prediction and apply them to a diabetes data set. In this data, the time until a patient goes on to insulin treatment is of interest - especially whether progression is fast or slow. The methods are: A Cox proportional hazards model, a random forest method for survival data, and a neural network approach. The prediction performance, and the pros and cons of the methods are discussed.

URL:https://www.compute.dtu.dk/2019/03/PhD-Defence-Agnes-Martine-Nielsen DTSTAMP:20220124T064000Z UID:{2119BD32-13F1-4DAA-B7A6-0F1F61961A12}-20190327T120000Z-20190327T120000Z LOCATION: Building 324, room 240 END:VEVENT END:VCALENDAR